With the White House and Cox at loggerheads, Nixon had Cox fired in October in the "Saturday Night Massacre"; he was replaced by Leon Jaworski. He graduated from Duke University School of Law in 1937 and returned to California to practice law.  They had two daughters, Tricia (born 1946) and Julie (born 1948). ", Hanhimäki, Jussi M. "Foreign Policy Overview" in, "Nixon disbarred in New York in 1st ruling of Watergate guilt", Toledo Blade, July 9, 1976 p.1, Milazzo, Paul Charles. Nixon was snubbed by the only one for men, the Franklins; many of the Franklins were from prominent families, but Nixon was not. Eisenhower was unable to perform his duties for six weeks.  At the end of his term of office as vice president in January 1961, Nixon and his family returned to California, where he practiced law and wrote a bestselling book, Six Crises, which included coverage of the Hiss case, Eisenhower's heart attack, and the Fund Crisis, which had been resolved by the Checkers speech. Nixon was born into a poor family in a small town in Southern California. Richard Nixon (1913-1994) is DEAD - DEATH DATE:Apr 22, 1994 at ( 81) and a very popular US President. In his inaugural address, which received almost uniformly positive reviews, Nixon remarked that "the greatest honor history can bestow is the title of peacemaker"—a phrase that would later be placed on his gravestone.  In 1974, Nixon proposed more comprehensive health insurance reform—a private health insurance employer mandate[b] and replacement of Medicaid by state-run health insurance plans available to all, with income-based premiums and cost sharing.  It was termed "a masterpiece" by Conrad Black, one of his biographers. Born 1894 and died 1917. NASA Administrator Thomas O. Paine drew up ambitious plans for the establishment of a permanent base on the Moon by the end of the 1970s and the launch of a crewed expedition to Mars as early as 1981. Later, he lived with an aunt in Fullerton during the week. Scott and Goldwater told the president that he had, at most, only 15 votes in his favor in the Senate, far fewer than the 34 needed to avoid removal from office.. Israel suffered heavy losses and Nixon ordered an airlift to resupply Israeli losses, cutting through inter-departmental squabbles and bureaucracy and taking personal responsibility for any response by Arab nations.  In surveys of historians and political scientists, Nixon is generally ranked as a below average president. Richard Nixon was a lawyer and Republican politician who held the posts of U.S. Representative (1947-51), U.S. Through his first term, he pursued a Southern Strategy with policies, such as his desegregation plans, that would be broadly acceptable among Southern whites, encouraging them to realign with the Republicans in the aftermath of the civil rights movement.  The address, later termed the Checkers speech, was heard by about 60 million Americans—including the largest television audience up to that point. McGovern was also damaged by his vacillating support for his original running mate, Missouri Senator Thomas Eagleton, dumped from the ticket following revelations that he had received treatment for depression. In June, Senator Robert F. Kennedy, a Democratic candidate, was assassinated just moments after his victory in the California primary.  According to his biographer, Jonathan Aitken, "Nixon was a soul in torment" after his resignation. And they twisted it with relish. Belushi’s brother Jim recalls him knocking on neighbors’ doors at the age of 3, going inside, and performing a kind of stand-up routine for them. Those activities included "dirty tricks," such as bugging the offices of political opponents, and the harassment of activist groups and political figures. ", Nixon's stance on domestic affairs has been credited with the passage and enforcement of environmental and regulatory legislation.  Eisenhower decided to retain him on the ticket, which proved victorious in the November election. Most Popular #6496. After Hiss filed suit for defamation, Chambers produced documents corroborating his allegations. At best, if the two major Communist powers decided that they had bigger fish to fry, Hanoi would be pressured into negotiating a settlement we could accept.  He had hoped to wait before writing his memoirs; the fact that his assets were being eaten away by expenses and lawyer fees compelled him to begin work quickly. , Even with support diminished by the continuing series of revelations, Nixon hoped to fight the charges.  According to Nixon biographer Stephen Ambrose, Nixon had "earned the high praise he received for his conduct during the crisis ... he made no attempt to seize power". " This offended some; columnist Russell Baker complained of "a group conspiracy to grant him absolution". After a night of excited talk between Nixon and his wife, he responded to Perry with enthusiasm.  Once American combat support ended, there was a brief truce, before fighting broke out again.  A blood clot resulting from the atrial fibrillation he had suffered for many years had formed in his upper heart, broken off, and traveled to his brain. Nixon, contacted by Ford emissaries, was initially reluctant to accept the pardon, but then agreed to do so. Add to Richard's Bio.  Hiss was convicted of perjury in 1950 for denying under oath he had passed documents to Chambers. , The interviews helped improve Nixon's financial position—at one point in early 1975 he had only $500 in the bank—as did the sale of his Key Biscayne property to a trust set up by wealthy friends of Nixon, such as Bebe Rebozo. , Nixon sometimes drank to excess, especially during 1970 when things were not going well for him.  Nixon emotionally defended himself, stating that the fund was not secret, nor had donors received special favors. In August 1970, the Soviets asked Nixon to reaffirm the understanding; despite his hard line against Castro, Nixon agreed. , The visit ushered in a new era of Sino-American relations.  Downey, faced with a bitter primary battle with Representative Helen Gahagan Douglas, announced his retirement in March 1950. , Though Nixon lost much popular support, even from his own party, he rejected accusations of wrongdoing and vowed to stay in office. 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