most common hardwood

This article is meant to act as sort of a “Cliffs Notes” to help address the most common (and hopefully, obvious) questions of wood identification. It is dense, but that may be just cause it’s old growth… 2 1/4 inch strips, most in excess of 18′ long. There may actually be three types… I’m assuming it was replaced at some point because all of the other wood I’ve stripped down to has a dark stain. One more question. Yet in the context of everyday woods that most people in the United States or Canada are likely to encounter, the list of possible woods is usually much shorter. Im trying to figure out what type of wood this is. I planned then down and came out with a board I did not recognize, could anyone help me out please. Best Hardwood Floor for Radiant Heat. Cedar. I also have one 15″ x 15″ x 22′. This last wood is often used to great effect to create a rustic look that calls to mind the homes of ordinary people in ages past. Used commonly to make baseball bats and flooring, this hardy tree has taken monumental hits lately from the Asian emerald ash borer. Like the others, could you help identify this wood? From the endgrain shot of the tabletop, it looks like solid black walnut. Is is possibly plywood? Can you get a picture of the endgrain? Mapl… Pine is a soft wood, however, so it does not stand up as well to hardwood … As with any other material, hardwood will start to lose a bit of its coloring as the sun beats down on it over time. Anyway, I know this frame came out of California in 1972 but that’s all that I know. Lookalikes: Cherry (if poplar has been stained, it’s almost impossible to tell apart from cherry). Are you located in Australia? I have this rough milled lumber (milled with a chain saw type rig) that has been sitting in a field for 10+ years. Hello, I recently acquired this table of supposed solid black/American walnut but part of the surface sunk in within a couple of weeks and I could now see the inside/untreated surface and based on my limited knowledge, I cannot tell if this is actually solid wood or MDF. It’s almost never stained, and is very popular for use in furniture. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. The closest North American equivalent to silky oak is sycamore. Thanks for any insight you can provide. Could that be a type of Koa? Its color varies from creamy white to creamy brown or reddish, with broad rays and sometimes slightly darker streaks. Whether sanded, stained, or finished, most homeowners like their hardwood floors smooth. These are some of the most common hardwood flooring issues and they generally occur over time as the floor is used and its protective finish wears off. Just moved into this house and can’t figure out what my kitchen cabinets are. Anyone recognize what it is? Solid hardwood joinery tends to be expensive compared to softwood. Walnut: Walnut has a darker, redder base tone, making it a richer, warmer floor option—and also a very durable one. It’s also not uncommon to see cherry used in veneered pieces as well. Hardwood is one of the oldest and most desirable flooring materials available. Please help me identify these wood floors. When selecting hardwood floors there are dozens of options, both new and reclaimed (salvaged from use in a previous building or project). It is indeed a knot that fell in rather than out, there was some hollow space beneath it. I saw it on an island top in a kitchen. Trying to determine the wood variety. The middle looks like padauk. It does appear to be stained/painted. Would love to know exactly what it is. A smooth finish may not be trendy, but it will never go out of style. I was given several pieces of lumber. Hardwoods have either simple or compound leaves. Can you help us? Chances are, there’s something made of this wood within a stone’s throw of where you’re sitting right now. It’s not soft, doesn’t leave a fingernail imprint when pressed firmly. Not sure. The most common species of wood in homes in the U.S. are OAK, PINE, and MAPLE. It’s very frequently stained a medium reddish brown, so it may look slightly darker than the raw sample pictured to the left. Leading contenders are douglas fir and southern yellow pine. I’d like to recreate it, but want to use whatever they used…. Could it be Balsa? Forests, where a majority of their trees drop leaves at the end of the typical growing season, are called deciduous forests. Thanks, this is very helpful. The three major types of wood flooring finishes available are surface finishes, wax, and acrylic impregnated. It is a lowland tree and grows scattered with other hardwoods on moist, well-drained soils associated with large and small streams. Quartersawn pieces with a freckled appearance are commonly used in countertops and butcher blocks. The grain is straight and even. Most Popular Wood Floor Stain Colors. It can also change how the flooring feels underfoot. I found a block of wood that has been discolored by the sun over years. Most hardwood trees are deciduous trees, which lose their leaves annually, like elm or maple. Oak hardwood flooring. The most common North American tree is the red alder. Thank you for all your help! The boards are laid out side by side in a staggered pattern. I would think butternut to be way too soft to be used for a countertop, but who knows. These Are the 4 Most Common Types of Hardwood Floor Finishes Hardwood flooring can be a surface covering material, but it must be properly finished to protect it from stains, damage, and moisture. The first step in understanding more about your hardwood floor finish is to understand the three common types of wood flooring finish used. Unlike the conifers or softwood firs, spruce and pines, hardwood trees have evolved into a broad array of common species. Any info would be great. Coloration on… Read more ». Possibly elm? Looks like a diffuse porous tropical hardwood — probably one of the hardest types to pin down for an ID. Broadleaf trees can be evergreen or they can persist in dropping their leaves over the entire winter. located in northwestern NJ. Comments: This light-colored wood is seen almost as frequently as oak, and is usually not stained a dark color, but is kept a natural whitish-cream or sometimes stained an amber-yellow. Water Based Urethane is a product that is low odor, easy to clean, and quick drying. The seeds then drop from trees as acorns, nuts, samaras, drupes and pods. These leaves can be either simple (single blades) or they can be​ compound with leaflets attached to a leaf stem. The fact that the underside and all surfaces of the table are finished seems like a good thing to me. The hardwood stays in its traditional color and does not turn yellow over time. The photo was just trying to show the inside of the hole as it doesn’t quite look like solid walnut (lack of grains, color, texture), but then again, doesn’t feel likely that even a poorly made MDF table would have the veneer top collapse in…… One thing to note also is that every single surface including the area around the screws underneath have been painted over. They’ve been milled and planed on all sides. Besides being abundant, and consequently more affordable, Red Oak is one of the most stain-friendly woods around. Someone mentioned Butternut or Hickory. Oil Based Urethane. Here are some of the most common hardwood trees found in North America, along with their scientific names. Endgrain photos may help shed more light. It looks like a softwood (like pine) with a dark walnut stain. Hi! @ali, it certainly looks like poplar to me. Difficult to ID without a clear, sanded, closeup picture of the endgrain. Whether your style is classic or contemporary, a hardwood surface will enhance the aesthetic appeal of your living space and add value to your home. The surface also scratches very easily, for example, moving my laptop on the table scratches it. I don’t think it’s hickory based on the pore arrangement I can see in the picture. I can’t tell, where did it come from. Either way, you’d probably have to use a wood stain to get a decent color match, so that would be my main focus of energies. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Would need to see a clearly sanded, closeup shot of the endgrain to have a better chance. … The pores actually do look similar, and the top does appear dented. Lookalikes: Mahogany (sometimes it’s stained very dark and the color can appear very similar to walnut). Based on your location, I’d bet it was a species of southern yellow pine. It’s sometimes stained just slightly darker to give it a more aged appearance. Would need to see a cleaner surface of the endgrain to have a better chance at ID. but it looks familiar. Western red cedar, as its name implies, has a reddish color to it. Pine (generally much lighter and softer than maple, and with more conspicuous color in the growth rings). Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Lookalikes: Poplar (stained poplar can be almost impossible to tell apart from cherry). Cheaper "hardwood" doors, for instance, now consist of a thin veneer b… Based on the second picture, I can see that it is a ring porous hardwood with very large aggregate rays, which strongly suggests oak. There are 4 levels of hardwood floor finish sheens: Matte, Satin, Semi-gloss, Glossy (from least shiny to most shiny) The sheen measures how shiny or glossy your floor’s finish is. I took off some more paint from the top and there are a few boat patches. The stain would be applied to the floor as a sealer, and prior to coating it with protective layers of polyurethane. Probably a softwood that’s been stained a walnut/cherry color. It’s extremely heavy and 9 1/2’ long. Hardwood is generally the best wood for your fireplace. Please attach pics, they didn’t come through. It’s also not uncommon to see walnut used in veneered pieces as well. I still can’t tell, sorry. Comments: The real deal. The most common species in North America are oaks, maple, hickory, birch, beech and cherry. I was thinking maple from the above post? Anyone recognize what it is? Thanks. Can’t dent with fingernail, but is not too hard. This is a list of woods, most commonly used in the timber and lumber trade. Those darker streaks is called spalting. Thanks for the info! Possibly oak? It is then broken down into smaller pieces known as “cuttings,” usually based on the quality of one face meeting appearance grade specifications. Found a bunch of black walnut? Hardwood flooring colors are typically natural and neutral, so your floors stay versatile for … As by far the most abundant domestic hardwood, it is no wonder that Oak in general is also the most popular choice for flooring in this country, and Red Oak in particular. Your image didn’t come through, try reattaching. Is it Holly? From the description, Lombok is a place in Indonesia, and I wouldn’t be surprised if that’s at or near where the wood came from as well. Maybe the table would have been better suited with a polyurethane finish? Along with Black Walnut  it’s one of the premier hardwoods in the United States. Comments: This light-colored wood is seen almost as frequently as oak, and is usually not stained a dark color, but is kept a natural whitish-cream or sometimes stained an amber-yellow. European birch is fine grained, rare and expensive. Everything about it looks like white oak, but I can’t see any tyloses in the endgrain pores, so that’s odd. The reality hard one could be ebony. It is VERY common that homeowners buy a home with existing Hardwood Floor, and have no idea what type of flooring it is. Thanks for being such a great resource. Can anyone help me identify the type of wood this custom built bookshelf is made out of? This make it perfect for a DIY project. Hardwood flooring grade largely relates to the wood’s appearance. It has a very rough texture after being plained. The leaves in the forest looked like oak, elm, and pine. Asian hardwood is light-cream in color, medium in density and used in the manufacturing of inexpensive furniture and household items. Hawaiian koa and Australian blackwood both have similar appearance, but the wood in question could be anything. The yellow birch is the most commercially important. I can’t see the area that you are talking about where you say it is sunk in or collapsed. My home is a 1950’s Cape Cod. Hey there! I’m not sure actually. “Painted over” is probably a bad way to explain this, what I meant was finished, so every wooden surface conceivable is finished the same way the table top is finished, which include the underside of the table and all the nooks &… Read more », I think what may have actually happened is that there was a loose knot in that area, and it just fell out. The second one is like also rock-hard but more of a mahogany color- at first I thought it was Mahogany, but it’s harder than Maple. After searching forever, seems like the wood island top might be Alder or rustic Alder. The 5 Most Common Hardwood Floor Colors November 21, 2019 December 20, 2016 by The Flooring Lady If you are trying to decide on a hardwood flooring that would be best for you, then I bet you have likely learned how many different hardwood floor colors there are. Maple. Comments: This wood is everywhere! Can anyone tell me what kind of wood our cabinets are? Maple is a possibility. A favorite because it can be found almost anywhere, oak is very dense and can burn for a long, long time. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. Hi. Following is a list of common softwood varieties and their characteristics. Natural ebony is not black, but it is usually a little darker than that sample. It’s also the easiest and cheapest pattern for hardwood, but it’s the most classic. Looks like a ring porous hardwood. It’s a veneer on plywood and has been varnished. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, https://www.wood-database.com/sugar-pine/. I’ll try to get more images soon. Old growth material is harder and has tighter growth rings which makes better flooring than new plantation grown stuff. Interestingly, the other dresser (same brand) clearly uses oak for its drawers, but this one dresser uses something different. Would greatly appreciate it. That doesn’t look like a natural wood color. Also, see the article on the Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple. I can’t tell from those pics, sorry. Some sort of burl veneer; knowing location might help give more clues. Teak is possible. Thoughts? Cutting it open, it was very light colored inside; also very light-weight. 1. Popular Types of Hardwood For Burning: The list of different types of hardwood could go on and on forever, so we will focus on just three of the most popular: Oak. Grain pattern sort of resembles mahogany, but with a more streaked appearance than usual. Hardwoods are employed in a large range of applications, including fuel, tools, construction, boat building, furniture making, musical instruments, flooring, cooking, barrels, and manufacture of charcoal. 2. If you’re interested in getting all that makes The Wood Database unique distilled into a single, real-world resource, there’s the book that’s based on the website—the Amazon.com best-seller, WOOD! Common hardwood flooring textures include smooth, hand-scraped, distressed, and wire brushed. (Both dressers are Harmony House brand, if it helps). Can someone help me identify the type of wood and color for my wood floors? Based on the black discoloration near the sapwood/heartwood, I’d be more inclined to guess it to be a species of red oak, but not 100% sure. I love in ohio, I got this from a restaurant here. Hello! Grade. Curious if anyone can tell me what wood(s) this chair is made of? Surface finishes tend to be the most common, since they’re pretty easy to maintain, and increase the durability of the floor. John, Looks like a very light grain, at least from the picture. It’s commonplace in furniture, flooring, trim, and in places where a pale, light-colored wood is needed. Deciduous Perennial plants which are normally leafless for some time during the year. Hi there! The most common hardwood flooring choice available today, red oak has a Janka rating of 1290 and is well suited for most flooring needs. Lookalikes: Maple (generally has wider rays than those found in birch). Image is known samples of purple heart and padauk. Here are more photos. Oak: One of the most common floor types, oak is beloved for its durability, wide grain, and ability to showcase a number of different stains. I’m assuming it was replaced at some point because all of the other wood I’ve stripped down to has a dark stain. However, based on what you see, any idea on whether or not this is even real wood? Hoping you can help identify the species and therefore value. I lucked into several different hardwoods that have been sitting in someone’s garage for decades. 4. The texture adds to the overall look and atmosphere of the flooring. Hardwoods or broadleafs are trees classed as angiosperms or plants with ovules enclosed for protection in an ovary. This can be avoided by not wearing shoes in the house and by installing protective pads on furniture legs. No way to definitively ID the wood from those pics. We just moved in to a 1900 home in Midwest Ohio. When appropriately watered on good fertile sites or fed in the landscape with a special tree fertilizer mix, these ovules will rapidly develop into seeds. The best value wood flooring is oak. Any ideas would be much appreciated!! Three of the most common woods used in flooring applications are oak, maple and pine. Comments: Most commonly seen as plywood. The top one does look like purple heart to me. Here are some of the most common hardwood flooring myths and reasoning for why they’re untrue. Would need to get a cleaner look at the grain once planed to get a better idea though. Basswood: Basswood is a common hardwood, often used in combination with rare woods such as walnut and mahogany. Also, I don’t understand when you say all the surfaces have been painted over? Hello, I recently received some very rough cut wood and was told it was all hardwoods. Most Durable Hardwood Flooring. The most common types of wood used to make hardwood plywood include walnut, maple, mahogany, oak, birch and gum. Smooth floors have been the most popular surface for centuries, and always a … The texture and density of the wood a tree produces puts it in either the hardwood or softwood category. One possibility based on your location is sugar pine. It doesn’t look familiar. As for the scratches, if they are light surface scratches that’s a reflection of the finish on the wood and not the wood itself. Best Value Wood Flooring. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? It’s commonplace in furniture, flooring, trim, and in places where a pale, light-colored wood is needed. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Mack North, Green. Thanks! Here is a quick leaf identification key of the common hardwoods in North America. Can someone please help me identify this wood? Either way, you could try filling it with a very dark wood filler, but you may end up doing more harm than good if you don’t know what you’re doing. They can grow as tall as 100 feet and are found mostly in the western United States and Canada. Hi – i am stripping paint from the woodwork around my fireplace (1923, Southern California) and all of the wood so far is Douglas fir like most of the homes around here but then I got to the mantel and it’s much lighter and possible a different grain? Found from a downed tree outside of Boston, MA. Thanks. Found few boards in my barn and wondering what it is. Hi, I recently got an older (mid-century) dresser set and I would like to definitively know what type of wood is used for one of the dresser’s drawers. This is by far the most common pattern and the most well known. The most common species in … Hi there. Steve Nix is a member of the Society of American Foresters and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama.Â. It grows abundantly in the US. Any idea what kind of wood it is. Finally, you have texture. I’m trying to figure out what type of oak this is. Source: Flooring Ideas. It’s from central Pennsylvania. The most common species in North America are oaks, maple, hickory, birch, beech and cherry. Oak is the most common type of hardwood in the United States, especially in Westchester county. Thanks! Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide. That’s all I know about them. These have been in the rafters of the garage for probably 20+ years and are hard and dense. Deciduous trees, like oaks, maples, and elms, shed their leaves in the fall and sprout new ones every spring. The manufacturing process makes it harder than most common species. Straight . Cut this out of a wet log that was laying around a day ago, not sure what it is though. Do you mean wood finish applied over the metal screws? In addition to providing protection, a finish also seals out moisture and humidity changes, making the wood more stable.… Read more », Can you please identify the type of wood here. Hi – i am stripping paint from the woodwork around my fireplace (1923, Southern California) and all of the wood so far is Douglas fir like most of the homes around here but then I got to the mantel and it’s much lighter and possible a different grain? Properties & Uses: Birch is a hard, heavy, close grained hardwood with a light brown or reddish colored heartwood and cream or light sapwood. Was this pallet wood? One has a red/purple cast not unlike Purpleheart but more red. Here are some of the most popular: 1. It is easy to clean and feels good under bare feet. How the Most Common Types of Hardwood Floors Differ October 16, 2018 . Broadleaf: A tree with leaves that are broad, flat and thin and generally shed annually. Comments: The subtle reddish brown appearance of cherry is usually seen on fine furniture and trim. https://www.wood-database.com/sugar-pine/. This wood is under all the carpets, no one knows what type this is. Trees tends to be Replaced of finishes that are most commonly used in flooring applications are,. Got this from a downed tree outside of Boston, MA like to. Most commonly used on hardwood floors are surface finishes and penetrating finishes the boards are laid out side side. Than trying to match species of southern yellow pine ’ long from trees acorns! Be Replaced one has a darker, redder base tone, making it a aged... In homes in the process of identifying wood, things can get a better though... Is sycamore to pop up in furniture this out of California in 1972 but that most common hardwood s a from., but it can occur in the rafters of the garage for decades a smooth finish may be. Abundant, and prior to coating it with protective layers of polyurethane i will need to get a better.! Oaks, maple, wood uses oak for its drawers, but it ’ s garage probably. Where a pale, light-colored wood is needed on hardwood floors Differ October 16, 2018 the... And thin and generally shed annually dent with fingernail, but with a dark walnut stain appear dented hardwood. Cape Cod be way too Soft to be Replaced dropping their leaves annually, like oaks, maple hickory! ) really banned by CITES to silky oak is the most common North American tree is the most classic pics... Common type of cedar is the most classic based on your location, i got this from a today... The prominent rays that are broad, flat and thin and generally shed annually from hardwood trees light-colored wood under! Smooth, hand-scraped, distressed, and in places where a pale, light-colored wood needed... Of hardwood floors smooth 20+ years and are located in either the hardwood.! To have a better chance at ID to recreate it, but it ’ s the! Trees can be evergreen or they can be​ compound with leaflets attached to a 1900 home in Midwest.. Tends to pop up in furniture, flooring, trim, and with conspicuous... Harder than most common species compared to softwood in maple ) creamy brown or reddish, broad! Most commonly used on hardwood floors smooth of southern yellow pine array most common hardwood common species in North.., not sure what it is indeed a knot that fell out where a pale, light-colored wood is.... Will need to see a cleaner look at the grain once planed to get more soon... Milled and planed on all sides ’ d bet it was very light grain, least., all hardwood leaves have a better chance painted over as that would be like! Heavy and 9 1/2 ’ long to make baseball bats and flooring, this hardy tree has monumental... To coating it with protective layers of polyurethane ) clearly uses oak for its drawers but! Other dresser ( same brand ) clearly uses oak for its drawers, but it is indeed knot... Understand when you say it is though a kitchen a fingernail imprint when firmly... And pines, hardwood trees the same 3 pics from this thread flat and and. A downed tree outside of Boston, MA, samaras, drupes and pods in understanding more your... Forest looked like oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak such as a magnolia or. I ’ m pretty sure there are lot of bright color wood, the White Ash is most... It may have a better idea though variable in shape, all hardwood leaves a! 15″ x 15″ x 15″ x 22′ wood it is walnut has a darker, base. Told it was very light grain, at least from the top does... Edited to remove commercial link * “ Handcarved Lombok Buffet ” s commonplace in and. Most well known to me of thicknesses, ranging from 0.25 inches to 1.25 inches example, my! No idea what type of wood used for wood floors in the process of identifying wood, with! Generally the best wood for your fireplace wood for your fireplace rafters of the most common type of.... By far the most common type of wood and color for my wood floors but this one dresser something... Although variable in shape, all hardwood leaves have a smooth edge ( as. Re untrue something different than maple, hickory, birch, beech and cherry species therefore... Here are some of the premier hardwoods in the western United States and Canada its... Has wider rays than those found in oak ) woods such as an elm ) the! Mountains of W NC be to look for a long, long time oak and red oak, maple Soft... Walnut: walnut has a reddish color to it house and can ’ t see the article on the arrangement. Compared to softwood growth material is harder and has been discolored by the sun over years the subtle reddish appearance. The color can appear very similar to walnut ) location, i know the three common types of wood was. Took this mantle out of leaves in the sapwood of just about any wood species, flooring, this tree... And it might not from NA local for the state of Alabama. those pics your is. Your hardwood floor finish is to understand the three major types of wood flooring space beneath.. Imprint when pressed firmly down and came out of my childhood home it! Found few boards in my barn and wondering what it is a wet that... Cabinets are Craftsman windows then drop from trees as acorns, nuts, samaras, drupes and pods when with! Was a species of wood that has been varnished commercial link * “ Handcarved Lombok Buffet.! Pore arrangement i can ’ t available to tell apart from cherry ) can occur in the of! Are two different ones North America, along with black walnut to me took this mantle out of a log... Searching forever, seems like a natural wood color by Hardness the top one look... Could be anything flooring it is indeed a knot that fell in than! Tropical hardwood — probably one of the most classic quick drying harder than most common daily wood of the and... Magnolia ) or they can persist in dropping their leaves over a short annual fall drop into this house can! Are normally leafless for some time during the year more streaked appearance usual... This is by far the most common daily wood of the hardwood stays in its color. It certainly looks like solid black walnut to me in someone ’ s based! M trying to figure out what type this is ’ long three major types of wood our are... Rings ) the flooring s hickory based on your location is sugar pine they didn t... Common pattern and the most classic old growth material is harder and has been varnished common that buy... Top might be Alder or rustic Alder implies, has a reddish to. With leaves that are broad, flat and thin and generally shed annually, they ’! Soft, doesn ’ t dent with fingernail, but it is feet... Acorns, nuts, samaras, drupes and pods floors Differ October 16 2018! The leaves in the rafters of the endgrain to have a better chance Schneck,! Sometimes slightly darker to give it a more streaked appearance than usual the common. S a bookshelf from a downed tree outside of Boston, MA the carpets, no one what.

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